The Virtual Sydney Rocks Guidebook

Day by Day July 1788

The weather was cold and variable. The day-time and night-time temperatures ranged between as high as 60 degrees and as low as 35 degrees at night. (15.5 C to 1.6 C) The tidal range of the spring tide was found to be 11 feet (3.35 metres).
It was estimated there were about 1,500 Aborigines living in the County of Cumberland.
Two store houses were completed. Huts for the batallion were under construction by 70-100 convicts. Also under construction was an observatory for Lieutenant Dawes on the western point of Sydney Cove and a house for Major Ross.
The lack of limestone to make mortar was a major impediment to building despite the ready availabilty of good stone and brick.
There was been no sign of the missing cattle and most of the sheep had died but the pigs were thriving.
At Farm Cove the rice, wheat and barley looked promising. Officers were each allowed 2 acres for a farm in addition to the small garden next to their huts.
There was a great deal of petty crime which was difficult to stop as the convicts protected each other. None of the officers liked being on the magistrate and crimanal courts. There were tensions between Governor Phillip and Major Ross and also between Major Ross and some of the officers.
A stuffed kangeroo, an emu skin and botanical specimens were packed for shipment to England.

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